#5


Ferrara

Il chiostro nel recinto

Ampliamento di un centro obitoriale in un complesso storico


NEW LANDSCAPES            #Servizi pubblici   #Spazi del commiato

Introduction

L’attuale sede dei servizi obitoriali è una sorta di piccolo mondo racchiuso in un recinto storico lungo le grandi mura della città. È un mondo inaccessibile e privo di spazi dedicati alla celebrazione del commiato. Il progetto aggrega i nuovi spazi lungo il muro di cinta e propone un nuovo recinto all’interno, un chiostro contemporaneo, cuore centrale della Cittadella del Commiato che si aggiunge alla serie di recinti contigui o racchiusi uno nell’altro con cui la città si è costruita nel tempo. Il nuovo obitorio comunale diventerà il fulcro del recinto dei servizi obitoriali e al suo interno la camera ardente ne sarà il cuore, raccolta attorno al chiostro dove si celebrerà il commiato e prenderanno avvio i cortei funebri. Il progetto affronta il tema chiave dell’inserimento di un nuovo tassello all’interno del sistema degli edifici racchiusi nel recinto. Tra questi acquisisce il ruolo cruciale di collegamento tra i blocchi esistenti: non si costituisce infatti come nuovo episodio, come elemento autonomo, ma si configura come un volume che ispessisce il muro di cinta e da lì si muove a collegare il blocco centrale dell’intero recinto.

Site Report

The site of Les Plantaz offers an interesting occasion to imagine a new form of organizing the urban tissue: being in a lively urban context but at the same time being deeply inserted in a natural world defines a strategic condition for a new form of urban development, able to join ecological reasons and urban materials.
The heart of the site is a lively garden where a school and a nursery are located. Part of the garden are the private open spaces of the schools. A local railway line, running from the city center to the close mountains, is in direct contact with the garden and a local station is placed on an edge of the garden, together with a series of old brick made large depots. On the east and west side of the area some empty plots can be occupied by new residential buildings: some attached single family houses may be grouped close to the detached ones existing around the site, while five stories multi-family buildings may face a large street that edges the site at east.

Aerial view of the site

Focus

The project aims to overtake the conventional planning attitude, often polarized between strong imposition on specific local conditions and urban design as an only matter of forms. The landscape appears as a much more relevant field of operation for contemporary urban development, in order to define mutual relations between human life organization and natural conditions.
A new approach to planning and urban design culture is experimented: a radical thought, to use site specificity as a key element to imagine future landscapes – avoiding mainstream pre-established transformation figures -, but not radical physical transformation of places. No revolutions are investigated, but leaps forward from the small “seeds” still growing at Le Plantaz.

Focus

The project aims to overtake the conventional planning attitude, often polarized between strong imposition on specific local conditions and urban design as an only matter of forms. The landscape appears as a much more relevant field of operation for contemporary urban development, in order to define mutual relations between human life organization and natural conditions.
A new approach to planning and urban design culture is experimented: a radical thought, to use site specificity as a key element to imagine future landscapes – avoiding mainstream pre-established transformation figures -, but not radical physical transformation of places. No revolutions are investigated, but leaps forward from the small “seeds” still growing at Le Plantaz.

Design Strategy

La logica insediativa e l’articolazione volumetrica del progetto

The 4th eco-system project works on an idea for future urban development starting from the coexistence of the natural systems and the capacity of an innovative urban tissue of producing urbanity in deep involvement with delicate natural dynamics. This in order to compact the urban tissue to reduce the soil consumption.
The final outcome will be a fragment of city of multiple organization: a wide open space will accept a dense pattern of small elements; a dense cluster of big buildings will define a more urban open space able to accept some fragments of natural conditions.
On the Les Plantaz site three elements are crucial:
1. The Ecological Relations based on the three ecosystems and on the power of spontaneous ruderal vegetation to colonize territory. The idea is to make conditions for natural spontaneous evolving of vegetations through the whole site.
2. The Urban strategy, focusing on the system of actions, tactics and goals set to gain it.
3. The Ground Articulation as a place of high permeability of fluxes between private and public spaces, reinforcing the intermediate status.

Roads and Paths

La logica insediativa e l’articolazione volumetrica del progetto

The 4th eco-system project works on an idea for future urban development starting from the coexistence of the natural systems and the capacity of an innovative urban tissue of producing urbanity in deep involvement with delicate natural dynamics. This in order to compact the urban tissue to reduce the soil consumption.
The final outcome will be a fragment of city of multiple organization: a wide open space will accept a dense pattern of small elements; a dense cluster of big buildings will define a more urban open space able to accept some fragments of natural conditions.
On the Les Plantaz site three elements are crucial:
1. The Ecological Relations based on the three ecosystems and on the power of spontaneous ruderal vegetation to colonize territory. The idea is to make conditions for natural spontaneous evolving of vegetations through the whole site.
2. The Urban strategy, focusing on the system of actions, tactics and goals set to gain it.
3. The Ground Articulation as a place of high permeability of fluxes between private and public spaces, reinforcing the intermediate status.

Roads and Paths

La logica insediativa e l’articolazione volumetrica del progetto

The 4th eco-system project works on an idea for future urban development starting from the coexistence of the natural systems and the capacity of an innovative urban tissue of producing urbanity in deep involvement with delicate natural dynamics. This in order to compact the urban tissue to reduce the soil consumption.
The final outcome will be a fragment of city of multiple organization: a wide open space will accept a dense pattern of small elements; a dense cluster of big buildings will define a more urban open space able to accept some fragments of natural conditions.
On the Les Plantaz site three elements are crucial:
1. The Ecological Relations based on the three ecosystems and on the power of spontaneous ruderal vegetation to colonize territory. The idea is to make conditions for natural spontaneous evolving of vegetations through the whole site.
2. The Urban strategy, focusing on the system of actions, tactics and goals set to gain it.
3. The Ground Articulation as a place of high permeability of fluxes between private and public spaces, reinforcing the intermediate status.

Roads and Paths

La logica insediativa e l’articolazione volumetrica del progetto

The 4th eco-system project works on an idea for future urban development starting from the coexistence of the natural systems and the capacity of an innovative urban tissue of producing urbanity in deep involvement with delicate natural dynamics. This in order to compact the urban tissue to reduce the soil consumption.
The final outcome will be a fragment of city of multiple organization: a wide open space will accept a dense pattern of small elements; a dense cluster of big buildings will define a more urban open space able to accept some fragments of natural conditions.
On the Les Plantaz site three elements are crucial:
1. The Ecological Relations based on the three ecosystems and on the power of spontaneous ruderal vegetation to colonize territory. The idea is to make conditions for natural spontaneous evolving of vegetations through the whole site.
2. The Urban strategy, focusing on the system of actions, tactics and goals set to gain it.
3. The Ground Articulation as a place of high permeability of fluxes between private and public spaces, reinforcing the intermediate status.

Roads and Paths

La logica insediativa e l’articolazione volumetrica del progetto

The 4th eco-system project works on an idea for future urban development starting from the coexistence of the natural systems and the capacity of an innovative urban tissue of producing urbanity in deep involvement with delicate natural dynamics. This in order to compact the urban tissue to reduce the soil consumption.
The final outcome will be a fragment of city of multiple organization: a wide open space will accept a dense pattern of small elements; a dense cluster of big buildings will define a more urban open space able to accept some fragments of natural conditions.
On the Les Plantaz site three elements are crucial:
1. The Ecological Relations based on the three ecosystems and on the power of spontaneous ruderal vegetation to colonize territory. The idea is to make conditions for natural spontaneous evolving of vegetations through the whole site.
2. The Urban strategy, focusing on the system of actions, tactics and goals set to gain it.
3. The Ground Articulation as a place of high permeability of fluxes between private and public spaces, reinforcing the intermediate status.

Roads and Paths

La logica insediativa e l’articolazione volumetrica del progetto

The 4th eco-system project works on an idea for future urban development starting from the coexistence of the natural systems and the capacity of an innovative urban tissue of producing urbanity in deep involvement with delicate natural dynamics. This in order to compact the urban tissue to reduce the soil consumption.
The final outcome will be a fragment of city of multiple organization: a wide open space will accept a dense pattern of small elements; a dense cluster of big buildings will define a more urban open space able to accept some fragments of natural conditions.
On the Les Plantaz site three elements are crucial:
1. The Ecological Relations based on the three ecosystems and on the power of spontaneous ruderal vegetation to colonize territory. The idea is to make conditions for natural spontaneous evolving of vegetations through the whole site.
2. The Urban strategy, focusing on the system of actions, tactics and goals set to gain it.
3. The Ground Articulation as a place of high permeability of fluxes between private and public spaces, reinforcing the intermediate status.

Roads and Paths

Design Strategy

La logica insediativa e l’articolazione volumetrica del progetto

The 4th eco-system project works on an idea for future urban development starting from the coexistence of the natural systems and the capacity of an innovative urban tissue of producing urbanity in deep involvement with delicate natural dynamics. This in order to compact the urban tissue to reduce the soil consumption.
The final outcome will be a fragment of city of multiple organization: a wide open space will accept a dense pattern of small elements; a dense cluster of big buildings will define a more urban open space able to accept some fragments of natural conditions.
On the Les Plantaz site three elements are crucial:
1. The Ecological Relations based on the three ecosystems and on the power of spontaneous ruderal vegetation to colonize territory. The idea is to make conditions for natural spontaneous evolving of vegetations through the whole site.
2. The Urban strategy, focusing on the system of actions, tactics and goals set to gain it.
3. The Ground Articulation as a place of high permeability of fluxes between private and public spaces, reinforcing the intermediate status.

Roads and Paths

Ecological vocation

The project responds to the ecological vocation of the site deliberately developing the two independent existing vegetation systems: the riparian and the ruderal one.
The main characteristic of these two natural systems is that they are all self-growing and self developing: the riparian vegetation needs water to grow by and the ruderal vegetation needs not-cultivated fields, or waste and neglected lands.
The ruderal vegetation grows all along the railways of Les Plantaz and contaminates abandoned fields generating peculiar landscapes and spontaneous gardens. The riparian system develops along different small rivers, following their ways and occupying the land nearby. The project aims to collaborate with the development of those systems giving them right conditions to grow.
The first step is to complete the riparian system, reconnecting it to the existing arm, by collecting in a canal the water that comes from the fields above the park of the Reposoir. The second step is to allow ruderal vegetation to expand from the railways edges into the area colonizing new spaces.
The ruderal vegetation will soon invade the site creating new transversal connections across the site moving from the railways towards the riparian system.
The quality of the site increases with the degree of biodiversity and its ecological richness; landscape starts to change and improve attracting new people and new activities who settle here.
This system could become a model for further future urban development of the city of Nyon. Using the continuous system of ecological corridors as new structure for settlements in which urban materials coexist and co-evolve together with the natural ones.
A new urban field can evolve accommodating spots of new settlements. A new model of urban development is provided: among the lines of vegetation the city could grow again realizing a new eco-system.

Urban strategy

1) The present situation

Some stable systems emerge: the single family houses at the edge of the site; the 2 plots of waste land covered by ruderal vegetation; the Parc Public Mangette with the Crèche Centre Croquelune; the kitchen gardens; the Maison des Enfants.


2) Preliminary actions

The single family houses at the edge of the site are preserved. The remaining area is freed from the existing plots layout: the boundaries are removed and the site is opened to a new organization.


3) Green tactic

The existing interrupted ecological path on the left of the site is improved continuing towards north: it has to be preserved through the Reposoir Park and the Petit Prairie Project to reach the agricultural fields north in the back. The spontaneous ruderal vegetation among the railway line is left to develop in specific enlarged areas. The ruderal agricultural vegetation, located in specific plots, is left free to move all around the site also.


4) Urban goal 1

The existing NStCM abandoned depot-workshop building and the former Roads Department building will create a dense core in the centre of the site. They can accommodate relevant public activities able to offer cultural services and working opportunities: they can work as magnets of attraction from far away the district.


5) Urban goal 2

The edges of the site call for specific solutions answering to different conditions: the single-family houses tissue in the north side of the site needs to be protected from the public life of the new district;
at the opposite, the heart of the site has to be gathered in itself, left aside from the north-south Chemin de Bourgogne street.


6) Urban goal 3

In order to improve the public life in the heart of the site, the existing system of the Kitchen Garden, the Parc Public Mangette with the schools inside and the Maison des Enfants can be used as different kinds of lively element for the public life. Their activities have to be enhanced as starting point of a new collective appropriation of the site.


The Final Layout

1. La definizione del sito
The final layout of the project comes from the intersections between a series of different urban conditions. These are set on the general green tactics and follow the Urban Goals defined in the Urban Strategy.

1. La definizione del sito
The final layout of the project comes from the intersections between a series of different urban conditions. These are set on the general green tactics and follow the Urban Goals defined in the Urban Strategy.

The final layout of the project comes from the intersections between a series of different urban conditions. These are set on the general green tactics and follow the Urban Goals defined in the Urban Strategy.

1. La definizione del sito
The final layout of the project comes from the intersections between a series of different urban conditions. These are set on the general green tactics and follow the Urban Goals defined in the Urban Strategy.

The final layout of the project comes from the intersections between a series of different urban conditions. These are set on the general green tactics and follow the Urban Goals defined in the Urban Strategy.

View from the station stop

View from the station stop

View from the central public park

View from the central public park

View between the public farm and the housing blocks

View between the public farm and the housing blocks

View from the elders social centre garden

View from the elders social centre garden

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Vista dell’area centrale con il mercato, la cucina di quartiere e l’area a prato libero

Vista dell’area centrale con il mercato, la cucina di quartiere e l’area a prato libero

Vista del sistema di orti di comunità e delle aree a picnic

Vista del sistema di orti di comunità e delle aree a picnic

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Natural Background

The 3 ecosystems, the riparian one and the 2 ruderals, the agricuLtural one and the one growing along the railway line, will occupy the whole site realizing their own world opened to public fruition. The ground involved in this natural process works as a trigger device: the nature starting from it will invest the whole site with seeds, butter- flies and any other ecological element.
Main paths are set in coated screed to allow people to go all around in the site. Together with these principal paths, a pavement made by wood staves goes all over the area. This system allows people to cross the site every where preserving vegetation to grow and to move also.


Small scattered activities

A pattern of scattered activities is set all around the natural back- ground that grows spontaneously all over the area: they will use
the small existing rural buildings and a new 5x5m flexible modular system to accommodate different new activities (district association, local market, restroom, re-use room, kitchen club, medical centre, small stores, volunteers social house, libraries, internet points, temporary cells). The pattern of the whole scattered activities could reinforce the collective public life in the district, as services for the local inhabitants and for foreigners tourists and workers also.


Small scattered activities

A pattern of scattered activities is set all around the natural back- ground that grows spontaneously all over the area: they will use
the small existing rural buildings and a new 5x5m flexible modular system to accommodate different new activities (district association, local market, restroom, re-use room, kitchen club, medical centre, small stores, volunteers social house, libraries, internet points, temporary cells). The pattern of the whole scattered activities could reinforce the collective public life in the district, as services for the local inhabitants and for foreigners tourists and workers also.


Public Core Intersected podiums

The central area defined by the NStCM depot-workshop building and the former Roads Department building, together with the small NStCM depot nearby, will become a central public system of massive use, providing working and cultural public activities.
The NStCM depot-workshop building will accommodate a Working Hub (open work space with tables and web connection, meeting rooms, private rooms and small bistrot), the Roads Department building an Atelier providing spaces of work for artists and crafts- men, and collective services. A small bike service outside the Atelier will face the new Le Plantaz Station, realized as a long light linear shelter intercepting the interchange bike parking.
The open spaces between the buildings will create a outstanding system of public life, accepting small temporary parking lots too and reinforcing the main public railway passage.


Housing Detached Islands

In the middle of the central public system an especial housing building will emerge creating a landmark for the special development of the Le Plantaz site: the Temporary Flats 8floor small tower. It will accommodate at the different levels: collective rooms as hostel for young tourists, single and double rooms with collective services for temporary workers, a series of small flats for singles or small families living in Nyon for some months or few years, as employes
in the companies of the metropolitan area of the Vaud Canton. Its exceptionality will be underlined by the continuous trans-lucid skin, able to lighten at night and accommodate temporary public signals (for temporary events communications, as Paléo Festival and Nyon International Documentary Film Festival).
The other housing buildings will be set facing the north-south Chemin de Bourgogne street at the right edge of the project area and at the north-west side of it, towards the existing single-family houses tissue. Along the Chemin de Bourgogne street there will be collective housing buildings, for different kinds of flats: some 1 room, many 2 or 3 rooms apartments, duplex and few big flats for bigger families. They will create an edge from the main road to ensure protection to the inner spaces.
At the opposite, the blocks facing the existing single-family houses tissue will renovate that typologies with more density. Organized as compact linear buildings of attached double level single houses with terraces, personal greenhouses on roof and 2 different small gardens, they will reduce the private gardens maintaining freedom, privacy and private parking lots.


Leisure and Culture Molecular System

A series of small buildings will realize a recognizable public activities network in the park devoted to collective social living for different ages.
All the buildings will be set inside a closed field, defined with hedgerows, that will provide private open space for outside activities. At the same time the buildings facing each-other in the green central area will force social relations in the public open space.
New small buildings are settle down together with the still existing ones. The actual Maison des Enfants is preserved and maintained in activity. The Crèche Centre Croquelune will continue its function, gaining its own outside life area in the Mangette Public Park. A new system of Nusery and pré-maternelle class will be set also. Growing in age, a social centre for young people will be realized on the Avenue des Eules and an elder centre will be set in the heart of the site. The system of these molecular activities ends with a bistrot/bar with a greenhouse which is set in the isolated plot in the cross roads at the south edge of the site working as a welcome area from the city centre to the new Le Plantaz District.


View from the station stop

View from the station stop

View from the central public park

View from the central public park

View between the public farm and the housing blocks

View between the public farm and the housing blocks

View from the elders social centre garden

View from the elders social centre garden

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Info

Category: Project
Item: Urban Design / Urban Project
Date: 2009.06
Typology: International Competition Project
Promoter: Europan Europe / Europan 10
Place: Nyon (Switzerland)
Second Prize Winner
CREDITS
Team: Arch. Andrea De Matteis, Arch. Federico Zanfi
Collaborators: Eng. Filippo Losi, Arch. Francesca Maria Tatarella,
Arch. Rosalba Giannoccaro, Valentina Pelligrò,
Roberta Rinaldi, Paola Sarcoli

DATA
Site Surface: 41.200 sqm
Total gross floor area: 11.600 sqm
Floor area ratio: 28%
Housing: 7.200 sqm (62%)
Public services and collective activities: 4.400 sqm (38%)
New buildings: 8.200 smq (70%)
Reuse of existing buildings: 3.400 sqm (30%)


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